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HANDBOOK OF PHONOLOGICAL DATA 
FROM A SAMPLE OF THE WORLD'S LANGUAGES 



A Report of the Stanford Phonology Archive 



Compiled and edited by 

John H. Crothers 
James P. Lorentz 
Donald A. Sherman 
Marilyn M. Vihman 



1979 by The Board, of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University 

All rights reserved 
Printed in the United States of America 



PAGE 294 STANFORD PHONOLOGY ARCHIVE 

VOLUME 1 — SEGMENT INVENTORIES, GENERAL COMMENTS, FOOTNOTES Batak 



540 



540 Batak 



540 Batak 



540 Batak 



540 
540 
540 
540 
540 
540 
540 
540 
540 



01 p 

02 b 

03 t 

04 d 

05 k 

06 g 

07 d/z-hacek 

08 s 

09 m 



10 n 
In-palatal] 60 

1 1 ens 

j2 \0\ 30 

13 r-tr ill-uvular 02 30 

14 h 



52 epsilcn 

53 a 
[caret! 62 

54 u 

55 o 
to-open) * 3 
lupsi lonl 6l * 

56 yod 

57 w 



51 1 



540 
540 



$a Tuuk, H.N. Van Der $b 1971 $c A Grammar of Toba Batak $g The Hague: Nijhoff 

$a STRESS $A "The accent falls either on the ultimate or the penultimate syllable.... The vowel 
of the unaccented syllable is distinct and should not [be reduced as in English The 

th^a^^ J? thS Pliable on whicftnetcceni Ell. is 

the heaviest.... The syllable following a heavy one or preceding the lightest is the 'light,' 
which might be called 'heavyish' . . . . The syllable on which the accent must fall?. .not only 

the e s n fnt^2 ^ S^! *?. Wh,ch thS W ^ d b ! l0ngS but 8l5 ° on ih * word plTolls in 

S Baf2 iT;;" ? ubsisn ^ ves f * rule, have the heavy accent on the penultimate syllable. ?. 
In Batak it is only possible to accent a syllable within a word; word-accent, whereby accent s 
placed on one word within a sentence, is unknown." (p. 19-22) wnereoy accent is 

540 $a SYLLABLE $A (C)V(C) 

540 01 $A Vr-trill-uvular/ and /l/ are aptly called trillers.... /I/ is a dental and, as such, is 
often interchangeable with /d/ and /n/." (p. 8) aenxai ana, as such, Is 

540 02 $A Po ^ of arti eulation for /r-tri 1 1 -uvular/ is not specified, "/r-tri 1 1-uvular/ must be 
regarded as a guttural consonant." (p. 8) uvuiar/ must oe 

540 30 $A "/l/ cannot occur in a word having an /r-tri 11-uvular/." (p. 8) 
540 60 $A /n/ is realized as In-palatal] "before /d/z-hacek/." (p. 8) 

™ 61 ^•K^iSCiXX & X£ Z ^Zlr*** 5yllable * (2) ln •« °- 

540 62 $A /a/ is realized as tcaretl "in a final unaccented syllable closed with /n/ or /m/.» Cp.5> 
540 63 $A /o/ is realized as to-open] in (1) closed syllables, except if that syllable is final and 

^ Syllable when ihe -following syllable has Ceng! as closer or banner. 
540 «•» $A /o/ is realized as lupsilonl in a final syllable closed with /!/ or /nA (p.6)